Learning Activity Types

Some of this information is based on the work by Judi Harris and Mark Hofer in regards to TPACK. It is the hope that teachers will refer to these tables suggesting some technology tools when planning learning activities for their students.

Pre-Reading

I would like my students to….
Description of Activity Type
We can use….
Develop Alphabetic
Knowledge
Students name the letters of the alphabet and recognize the letter symbols in print
Read*Write*Think, Gamequarium, Apps – early years
Develop Phonemic
Awareness
Students hear, identify and manipulate sounds in words
Read*Write*Think, Apps – early years
Develop Decoding
Skills
Students learn the connections between letter patterns and the sounds they represent
Smartboard, Read*Write*Think, Apps – early years
Introduce
Vocabulary
Students are introduced to and learn unfamiliar key words before they read
Smartboard, Read*Write*Think, Apps – early years
Activate Prior
Knowledge
Students think about what they already know about the topic prior to reading
Microsoft Word, Google Docs, Mindmapping, Smartboard, Student Response Clickers, Polls and Surveys
Make Predictions
Students make predictions about text that will be read
Microsoft Word, Google Docs, Smartboard, Student Response Clickers, Polls and Surveys
During Reading
I would like my students to….
Description of Activity Type
We can use….
Read Aloud
Students actively listen to an oral reading of a book
Storyline Online, Bookflix thru LearnAlberta, Tumblebooks with Library Card, Podcast, Apps – early years
Think Aloud
Students say out loud what they are thinking while reading
E-books, Bookflix thru LearnAlberta, Tumblebooks with Library Card, Animoto Edu, Windows MovieMaker
Guided Reading
Students learn how to think about text by reading in small groups, engaging in discussion, and completing a mini-lesson/learning activity
E-books, BookFlix thru LearnAlberta, Tumblebooks with Library Card, WiggleWorks, TeachingBooks thru LearnAlberta, Apps – early years
Directed Listening/Thinking Activity
Students predict and respond to a story while the teacher reads
BookFlix thru LearnAlberta, E-books, Podcast, Student Response Clickers, ThinkingBooks thru LearnAlberta, Polls and Surveys
Directed Reading/Thinking Activity
Students make predictions about a story and then read to confirm or reject their predictions
BookFlix thru LearnAlberta, E-books, Podcast, Student Response Clickers, ThinkingBooks thru LearnAlberta, Polls and Surveys
Discussion
Students discuss text being read with the teacher, other students or another individual
Blogs, wikis, online discussion groups
Whole Class Literature Study
Students participate in a literature study that includes reading aloud/along, whole-class/small group discussions, and whole-class mini-lessons
BookFlix thru LearnAlberta, E-books, Podcast, ThinkingBooks thru LearnAlberta
Literature Circles
Students choose their own books, form small-groups and meet regularly to read and discuss the books
BookFlix thru LearnAlberta, E-books, Podcast, ThinkingBooks thru LearnAlberta
Reader’s Workshop
Students participate in mini lessons to teach reading strategies, spend time reading independently, and then meet to share, discuss and reflect
BookFlix thru LearnAlberta, ebooks, blogs, wikis, online discussion groups, podcast
Book Clubs
Students read books, take part in peer-led discussions, and participate in a community sharing session
BookFlix thru LearnAlberta, ebooks, blogs, wikis, online discussion groups, podcast, ThinkingBooks thru LearnAlberta
Sustained Silent Reading
Students read silently for a
designated period of time (10-30 minutes)
ebooks, podcast, BookFlix thru LearnAlberta
Independent Reading
Students make their own book choices, set independent reading goals and read for extended period of time
ebooks, podcast, BookFlix thru LearnAlberta, ThinkingBooks thru LearnAlberta

Post Reading
I would like my students to….
Description of Activity Type
We can use….
Summarizing
Students summarize or paraphrase the major points of a story after reading it
Timeliner XE, Read•Write•Think, video creation software, podcast, comic creation software, video sharing site
Retelling
Students tell what they remember about a story
Timeliner XE, drawing software, video creation software, podcast, comic creation software, Read*Write*Think
Sharing
Students share information with others about books they have read or heard
Video creation software, podcast, video sharing sites
Visualizing
Students use images and visual imagery to recall what they remember about a story
Drawing software, word processing, image editor, digital photography, Read•Write•Think, comic creation software, interactive whiteboard
Discussing
Students discuss favorite parts or elements of a story
Blogs, wikis, online discussion group
Drawing Conclusions
Students use written or visual clues to figure out something that is not directly stated in the reading
Word processing, educational simulation software (e.g., Decisions, Decisions), video
creation software, multimedia software. comic creation software, interactive whiteboard
Evaluating
Students form opinions, make judgments, and develop ideas after reading
Read•Write•Think, word processing, multimedia software, Student Response Clickers, Polls and Surveys
Quizzing/Testing
Students take a quiz or test about a story or a selection of text they read
Integrated learning system (e.g., Accelerated Reader), Student Response Clickers, Polls and Surveys
Creating Projects/Artifacts
Students create a project or artifact as a culminating activity that illustrates what they have learned
comic and/or video creation software, drawing software, multimedia software, iPhoto,
podcast, Read•Write•Think, video sharing sites

Vocabulary

I would like my students to….
Description of Activity Type
We can use….
Vocabulary Awareness
Students increase their knowledge of words by building sight vocabulary and understanding
phonological and morphological patterns
Read•Write•Think , educational software, drawing software, interactive whiteboard
Vocabulary Analysis
Students build and sort words to study their patterns
Word processing, educational software, Read•Write•Think, drawing software, interactive
whiteboard
Vocabulary Use
Students study how words
combine to form sentences
Read•Write•Think, word processing, educational software, interactive whiteboard

Comprehension

I would like my students to….
Description of Activity Type
We can use….
Cloze Technique
Students insert words that have been omitted as they read to complete and construct meaning from text
Cloze software, online “Mad Libs,” word processing, interactive whiteboard, Apps – early years, Apps – middle years
Semantic Feature Analysis
Students use a grid to explore the similarities and differences among events, people, objects or ideas
Spreadsheet software, word processing (tables), interactive whiteboard, Apps – early years, Apps – middle years
Graphic Organizers
Students use visual and graphic organizers that illustrate relationships among facts, terms or
ideas
Concept mapping software, interactive whiteboard, Apps – early years, Apps – middle years
Cause and Effect
Students identify how an action or event will produce a certain
response to the action in the form of another event
e-books, concept mapping software, educational software, interactive whiteboard, Apps – early years, Apps – middle years
Compare and Contrast
Students identify how things are alike and different
e-books, concept mapping software, educational software, Read•Write•Think, interactive
whiteboard, Apps – early years, Apps – middle years
Inferences
Students use clues to learn more about the story and make a conclusion or judgment based on that information
e-books, educational software, interactive whiteboard, Apps – early years, Apps – middle years
Story Pyramid
Students summarize a story by building a pyramid of information (e.g., describe main character, setting, state the problem)
e-books, concept mapping software, word processor, Apps – early years, Apps – middle years
Picture Walk
Teacher guides students through text by looking at and discussing the pictures before reading
Multimedia software, iPhoto, interactive whiteboard, Apps – early years, Apps – middle years
SQ3R
Students use a 5-step reading strategy (i.e., survey, question, read, recite, review) to formulate a purpose for reading
e-books, word processor
Reciprocal Teaching
Students and teacher participate in dialogue structured by summarizing, question generating,
clarifying and predicting to bring meaning to text
e-books, voice recording, video creation software
Reciprocal Questioning
Students analyze their
comprehension while reading by developing questions to ask the
teacher after reading a selection
e-books, voice recording, word processing
Point-of-View
Students identify the author’s point of view and purpose
e-books, educational software, digital photography, Apps – early years, Apps – middle years
Question-Answer-Relationships (QAR)
Students search for answers based upon the type of question that was
asked (i.e., Right there, Think and search, Author and you, On my own)
e-books, online newspapers/magazines, Apps – early years, Apps – middle years
Think-Pair-Share
Students talk about the content they are reading by thinking about a question or prompt, pairing up
with a student to discuss and sharing their thinking with rest of class
e-books, online newspapers/magazines, Web sites, Apps – early years, Apps – middle years
Story Map
Students identify and map the basic elements of a story (i.e., setting, characters, problem/conflict, point of view, resolution)
Concept mapping software, Read•Write•Think, interactive whiteboard, Apps – early years, __Apps__ – middle years
3-2-1 Chart
Students summarize and rethink key ideas by listing: 3 things they
found out, 2 interesting things, and 1 question they still have
Word processing software, spreadsheet software, concept mapping software

Fluency

I would like my students to….
Description of Activity Type
We can use….
Model Fluent Reading
Students listen to readers who read words fluently and automatically
Voice recording, podcast, video creation software, video sharing sites, educational software, Storyline Online, BookFlix thru LearnAlberta
Choral Reading
Students read aloud as an entire group in unison
Voice recording, podcast
Paired Reading
Student and a fluent reader read text together
Voice recording, podcast, educational software
Repeated Reading
Student reads the text aloud with a fluent reader, then rereads the text alone
Voice recording, podcast
Reader’s Theatre
Students perform an oral reading with an audience present using a script
Voice recording, video recording, podcast
Radio Reading
Student reads aloud a selection of text and then initiates a discussion
with an audience by asking specific questions
Voice recording, podcast
Recitation
Students present a spoken
performance of a speech or piece of poetry in public
Voice recording, video sharing Web sites
Drama
Students perform, usually by memorization, a play
or story for an audience
Video recording, digital storytelling, video sharing sites, podcast
Storytelling
Students tell stories or narratives often by improvisation or
embellishment
Digital storytelling, video creation software, voice recording, Apps
Debate
Students hold a structured
discussion by debating both sides of an issue/proposition
Video recording, podcast

Struggling Readers

Resources for the Non-reader, Word caller, and Turned-off Reader



K-6 Literacy Learning Activity Types by Denise Schmidt, Judi Harris, and Mark Hofer is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 United States License. Based on a work at activitytypes.wmwikis.net